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Permanent Pictorial Cancellations : Bihar

3 Permanent Pictorial Cancellations are known.

Philatelic Bureau Patna G. P. O. - 800 001
Didarganj Yakshi (Chauri Bearer)

Date of Introduction: ??
Patna is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta, Pala and during the Islamic period the seat of power for the Suri dynasty. Pataliputra was also a seat of learning and fine arts. Its population during the Maurya period (around 300 BCE) was about 400,000. During the 17th century, Patna became a centre of international trade. In 1620, the English East India Company established a factory in Patna for trading in calico and silk. The cultural heritage of Bihar is reflected in its many ancient monuments. Kumhrar and Agam Kuan are the sites of the ruins of the Ashokan Pataliputra. Didarganj Yakshi remains as an example of Mauryan art. Didarganj Yakshi (or Didarganj Chauri Bearer) is viewed as one of the finest examples of Mauryan art.The sculpture is currently housed in Patna Museum, Patna. The Didarganj Yakshi is estimated to date from ca. 3rd century BCE. It was excavated from Didarganj, on the banks of the Ganges River, in 1917. It stands five feet four inches and is carved out of a single stone. It is an exquisite carving and almost true to life. Government of India, has used her figure as a fine art ambassador and she has travelled to many countries, including the Smithsonian Institution and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., USA. The cancellation depicts Didarganj Yakshi (Chauri Bearer).
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Philatelic Bureau Patna G. P. O. - 800 001
Golghar
Date of Introduction: ??
The Golghar or Gol Ghar, (Round house), located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna is a granary built by Captain John Garstin, in 1786. After the devastating famine of 1770, which killed nearly 10 million people in regions of Bengal, Bihar and modern day Bangladesh, Warren Hastings, then Governor-General of India, ordered the construction of this beehive shaped structure for the purpose of storing grains for the British Army. It was conceived and built by Captain John Garstin, an engineer with the East India Company,[4] and has a storage capacity of 140000 tons, it construction was completed on 20 July 1786. Built in the native Stupa architecture, the building has a foundation of 125m, and a height of 29 m. It is pillarless with a wall of thickness of 3.6 m at the base. One can climb atop the Golghar through the 145 steps of its spiral stairway around the monument. The spiral staircase was designed so as to facilitate the passage of the coolies, who had to carry grain-bags up one flight, deliver their load through a hole at the top, and descend the other stairs. One interesting fact about the Golghar is that never in its existence has it been filled to its maximum capacity and there are no plans in future as well. The reason for this is that due to oversight while designing and construction of the Golghar, the doors were designed to open inside. Thus, if it is filled to its maximum capacity, then the doors will not open. The cancellation depicts Golghar.
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Bisfi S. O. - 847 121
(Now Pincode no. 847 122)
Vidyapati
Date of Introduction: 14.01.2013
Vidyapati
Bisfi Permanent Pictorial Cancellation

Vidyapati (1350 AD - 1450 AD) was a versatile writer who exercised tremendous influence on the poets and writers of Northern India which transcending geographical barriers, inspired the poets and Vaishnav preachers of Bengal, Assam, Orissa and Nepal. A Versatile genius, he composed poems successfully in Apabhransha, Sanskrit and Maithili languages, but his undying fame rests on his Padavalis whose range of poem is amazing. It is a mixture of all kinds of poems – love, devotion, charming poses, gestures, movements and vibrations of human hearts. In other words, he subdued every poetic element into a harmony of artistic perfection which exercised a great influence on later writers of Padas.

He was the court poet of Oinbar Kings of Mithila and was awarded with the gift of his own native village and title of Abhinav Jaydev. Abul Fazl, in his Ain-i-Akbari, records the fame of the musical hymns written by Vidyapati. The influence exercised by Vidyapati was unprecedented. Poets after poets followed him. For three or four centuries, that followed him, the whole of Eastern India resounded with a new type of literature – the Padavali literature – that was inspired by Vidyapatis’s hymns. The style of Vidyapati was so unique that it was followed, five centuries later, by Rabindra Nath Tagore in his ‘Bhanu Simher Padavali’.

Vidyapati has given, very consummately, expression to every aspects and vibrations of humanity. From his writings it can very well be understood that he was not only a poet but also a historian, geographer, and politician and, above all, a great social reformer.

India Post introduced a Permanent Pictorial Cancellation, featuring profile of Vidyapati, at Bisfi PO – 847 121 on 14th January 2013. Bisfi is the native village of Vidyapati which falls in Madhubani district of Bihar. This Permanent Pictorial Cancellation was proposed by philatelist Shri Lalit K. Mishra of Patna on 22nd May, 2002 and it was introduced after continuous following up for 11 years. The cancellation has been designed by Shri Lalit K Mishra and his friend Sri Mithilesh K. Jha.

Note: Now Bisfi S. O. has been assigned Pincode no. 847 122.

Special thanks to Shri Nagendra Nayak (Udyavar) and Shri Lalit K Mishra (Patna) for their contribution in compiling this listing.

Viewers are requested to inform us about introduction date of above permanent pictorial cancellation if available. . Also inform us if any permanenant pictorial cancellation is missing in above listing.

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